Skin Care Basics and Must-Dos


Skin Care Basics and Must-Dos

Nurturing a natural glow with these skin care basics for looking radiant through daily care routines and essential wellness practices...

A clear and glowing skin is a sign of good health and self-care. A good skincare routine can boost your self-confidence and make you feel good about yourself. While we all desire to have smooth, flawless, and radiant skin, the truth is that achieving it requires consistent effort and attention. Depending on your skin type and lifestyle, there are various skin care basics that you should follow to maintain healthy and beautiful skin.

Taking Care of Your Skin: Skin Care Basics and Must-Dos

Understand Your Skin Type

Identifying your skin type is the first step toward creating an effective skin care regimen. It determines the best products and practices for your skin, ensuring better outcomes. The skin can be categorized into five basic types:

– Normal Skin: Balanced moisture levels characterize normal skin, which is neither oily or dry. It has few imperfections, a smooth texture, and a clear complexion.
– Oily Skin: This type produces excess sebum, leading to shininess and enlarged pores. It is also more prone to acne and breakouts.
– Dry Skin: Dry skin lacks moisture in the outer layer, leading to flakiness, rough patches, and a dull complexion. It may feel tight and uncomfortable, especially in colder weather.
– Combination Skin: If your skin exhibits characteristics of both oily and dry types, usually oily in the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) and dry elsewhere, it falls under combination skin.
– Sensitive Skin: This type reacts easily to external factors and skin care products, showing signs of redness, itching, or irritation.

Understanding your skin type is crucial as it guides you in choosing beneficial products and avoiding those that may exacerbate skin issues. Products are often labeled for specific skin types, making this identification an essential step in effectively caring for your skin. The folks at TIRTIR can offer you a wide range of products suitable for your skin type. If you have trouble determining your skin type, consult a dermatologist for professional advice.

Taking Care of Your Skin: Skin Care Basics and Must-Dos

Basic Skin Care Routine

It’s never too early or too late to start caring for your skin. The sooner you develop a consistent routine, the more likely you are to prevent premature aging and maintain healthy skin in the long run. A basic skincare routine comprises these essential steps:


Although it appears straightforward, properly washing your face demands time and care. Mastering this routine can be the key to achieving radiant skin instead of experiencing acne breakouts. Use lukewarm water and a gentle cleanser suited for your skin type, not harsh soap that may strip the natural oils off your face. Massage gently circularly, then rinse and dry your face with a clean towel.

You need to wash your face at least twice a day, morning and night, to remove impurities accumulated throughout the day. If you use makeup, it’s crucial to wash your face before bedtime to prevent clogged pores. For clogged pores and blackheads on your nose, invest in a good-quality pore strip or exfoliating scrub.


Exfoliation is an essential step to achieve smooth and radiant skin. It involves removing dead skin cells from the surface of your skin to reveal a brighter complexion. Exfoliating also unclogs pores, making it easier for your products to penetrate and work effectively. Incorporating exfoliation into your routine 2-3 times a week, based on your skin’s sensitivity, promotes cell turnover and helps your skin absorb moisturizers and treatments more effectively.

There are two main types of exfoliants: physical and chemical. Physical exfoliants are typically scrubs with small particles that physically remove dead skin cells. Chemical exfoliants contain ingredients such as AHAs and BHAs that dissolve dead skin cells. Choose the right type of exfoliant based on your skin type and sensitivity.


Toners are typically water-based products that help to remove any remaining impurities after cleansing and exfoliating. They also balance the skin’s pH levels, making it more receptive to moisturizers. Toners come in various forms, including liquid, mist, or gel, and can contain antioxidants and other beneficial ingredients to address specific concerns such as hydration or acne.

When choosing a toner, it’s essential to look for alcohol-free options, as they can strip the skin of its natural oils and cause irritation. Opt for toners with soothing ingredients, such as aloe vera or rosewater, suited for your skin type. For instance, if your skin is oily, use a toner with salicylic acid to help control excess oil.


Regardless of skin type, moisturizing should be vital in your routine. It helps to keep the skin hydrated and supple by locking in moisture and protecting it from environmental damage. When choosing a moisturizer, choose one with beneficial ingredients for your skin type, such as hyaluronic acid for dry skin or niacinamide for acne-prone skin.

Don’t be afraid to use different moisturizers for different parts of your face if you have combination skin. For instance, use a lightweight moisturizer on oily areas and a more hydrating one on dry patches. Also, don’t forget to apply moisturizer on your neck and décolletage as they are often neglected but require just as much care.

Taking Care of Your Skin: Skin Care Basics and Must-Dos

Must-Dos for Healthy Skin

Besides following a regular skincare routine, there are other must-dos to keep in mind for healthy and beautiful skin:

– Drink plenty of water: Proper hydration is essential for skin health, so drink at least eight glasses of water a day.
– Protect your skin from the sun: The sun’s harmful UV rays can cause premature aging, wrinkles, and skin cancer. Wear sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher daily, even on cloudy days.
– Get enough sleep: Lack of sleep can lead to dull, tired-looking skin. Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep each night to allow your skin time to rest and repair.
– Eat a balanced diet: A healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can provide the necessary nutrients for glowing skin.
– Manage stress: Stress can cause various skin issues like acne breakouts and eczema, so finding ways to manage and reduce stress levels is essential.
– Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption: Both habits can have adverse effects on your skin, causing premature aging, wrinkles, and other skin concerns.

Caring for your skin is a continuous process that requires patience and consistency. By understanding your skin type, using suitable products, and following must-dos for healthy skin, you can maintain a glowing complexion and feel confident in your skin. Always consult a dermatologist if you have any specific skin concerns or issues. With the right knowledge and effort, everyone can achieve healthy and beautiful skin.